Cancer Immunotherapy & Nano Medicine
Cancer Immunotherapy is the use of the immune system to treat cancer. Immunotherapies can be categorized as active, passive or hybrid (active and passive). These approaches exploit the fact that cancer cells often have molecules on their surface that can be detected by the immune system, known as tumor-associated antigens(TAAs); they are often proteins or other macromolecules (e.g. carbohydrates). It is found that active immunotherapy attacks the tumor cell by targetting TAAs under its direction. While passive immunotherapy enhances the existing anti-tumor response and will also include monoclonal antibodies.